Methylphenidate HCL is a medication commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. It works by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which helps to improve focus, attention, and alertness.
- ADHD: Methylphenidate is used to treat symptoms of ADHD in children and adults.
- Narcolepsy: It is also used to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks.
- Common side effects of methylphenidate include loss of appetite, trouble sleeping, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, and anxiety.
- Serious side effects may include changes in heart rate or blood pressure, hallucinations, seizures, and allergic reactions.
- Methylphenidate should be used with caution in people with a history of heart problems, high blood pressure, or seizures.
- It may also interact with other medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and blood thinners.
- Methylphenidate is a controlled substance and has the potential for abuse and addiction. It should only be taken as directed by a healthcare provider.